Pakistan’s Yearning For Peace Amid India’s War Mongering

India has been following an offensive and an aggressive South Asian policy since long. The tactics of coercive diplomacy has been used by India many a time against her neighbors. Recently, this coercive diplomatic approach has been converted into violent war mongering rhetoric by the BJP (Bharatiya Janata Party) led Indian government. From brutally suppressing freedom fighters in Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK) to conducting false flag operations and from threatening the sovereignty of the neighboring states to blaming Pakistan every now and then, the saffron government of India has marked a history of aggression and grave human rights violation, which goes against the international law as well.

The killing of more than 12 Kashmiris by the Indian forces in Pulwama in December 2018 fueled the resistance movement in IOK. India’s inability to prudently and humanely manage the IOK region has driven nuts to India and has blinded the BJP led power hungry India, aimed at amassing power for regional hegemony. The Pulwama attack of February on Indian Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) by a freedom fighter -who was the local Kashmiri- has been shrewdly used by India to wage a full blown war against Pakistan. Initially, the MFN status was targeted at the diplomatic front and later on the territorial sovereignty of Pakistan has been attacked by the airstrikes of Indian Air Force.

Amid India’s persistent belligerence, Pakistan could have shown an equal level of bellicosity but as always, Pakistan being a responsible nuclear power, acted in a positive way and released the Indian pilot Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman on 1st March 2019, as a gesture of peace and goodwill.

The Indian plane violated Pakistan’s air space on 26 Feb 2019, owing to Pakistan’s timely response it dropped its payload and flew back. Pakistan and the Pakistani leadership warned India to behave in a responsible manner to avert war and mentioned it clearly that in case of any further aggression Pakistan would retaliate. However, instead of paying heed to Pakistan’s yearning for peace, India resorted to her traditional aggressive designs and the very next day, two planes (MiG 21) of Indian Air Force violated Pakistan’s airspace. Those were shot down by Pakistan in a defensive move. The pilot of the plane -gunned down in Pakistan Administered Kashmir- was rescued by the locals and Pak military. The Indian pilot was treated as per the Geneva Convention pertaining to prisoners of war. Pakistan army also recovered the sensitive documents and weapons from the gunned down Indian plane.

Amid India’s persistent belligerence, Pakistan could have shown an equal level of bellicosity but as always, Pakistan being a responsible nuclear power, acted in a positive way and released the Indian pilot Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman on 1st March 2019, as a gesture of peace and goodwill. This event clearly shows Pakistan’s aspiration for peace. The release of Indian pilot Abhinandan has been hailed by many. Former cricketer and Indian Punjab’s minister Navjot Singh Sidhu appreciated Pakistan’s Prime minister’s decision and said, “Every noble act makes a way for itself… your goodwill gesture is ‘a cup of joy’ for a billion people, a nation rejoices. I am overjoyed for his parents and loved ones.” In addition to this Jammu and Kashmir’s chief minister Mehbooba Mufti also applauded Pakistan’s good will gesture of releasing Indian pilot. Moreover, Bruno Maçães –a Portuguese politician also stated, “Imran Khan really has taken leadership over the process. Impressive in his first major crisis. Modi absent.” Furthermore, Burkha Dutt –an Indian journalist and anchor- said, “I think we should welcome this gesture from @ImranKhanPTI on the release of #Abhinandan. The door for de-escalation has been opened. And this is really not the time for dumb and needless gloating by tv anchors.” Regrettably, India responded to this positive development by resorting to aggression at the Line of Control.

The international powers need to hold India accountable for her bellicosity and violation of international law or else the saffron India will ignite the fire for another world war.

Pakistan has been trying hard to diplomatically and peacefully solve this Pak-India stalemate – a result of India’s saffron posture- but BJP regime’s intransigence obstructs this peaceful approach. From opening Kartarpur corridor to releasing Indian pilot, Pakistan has contributed her utmost efforts towards lowering the bilateral tensions. But, every time instead of holding the hand of friendship extended by Pakistan, India has shown a cold shoulder and has tried to backstab Pakistan. Pakistan remembers how India treated Pakistani prisoners of war but still the Pakistani leadership released Indian pilot for the sake of world’s peace in general and South Asian peace in particular. The world can differentiate between the way India treated Sipahi Maqbool Hussain (Pakistani Prisoner of war in 1965 war, who spent forty years in Indian prison) and the generous manner in which Pakistan’s government and military treated Indian pilot Abhinandan Varthaman. Therefore, Pakistan’s longing for peace are quite evident amidst the Indian aggression.

Conclusively, Pakistan-India standoff can only be solved on the chess of diplomacy with the help of negotiation. Pakistan has been relentlessly calling India for talks and negotiation. India shall put an end to her typical stubborn attitude and must respond to the calls of peace made by Pakistan. The time demands that India must shun her fanatic Hindutva posture and shall refrain from glorifying war for war is easy to start but difficult to end. Moreover, International players should keep a check on India. The international powers need to hold India accountable for her bellicosity and violation of international law or else the saffron India will ignite the fire for another world war.


The writer Merwah Hamid Qureshi holds an M. Phil Degree from QAU, Islamabad and is also a visiting lecturer for International Relations at National Officers Academy (NOA), Pakistan. Her area of specialization is the changing world International Relations.