Analysis & Opinion

Kashmir Cause – Myths and Realities

A few months ago, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) released a report on the human-rights conditions in Jammu and Kashmir as well as Pakistan Administered Kashmir, and Gilgit-Baltistan. The report examines the conditions that have prevailed in the region following the killing of the militant leader Burhan Wani in July 2016 by Indian security forces, which triggered the fiercest protests the valley has seen since 2010. According to the report, Indian security forces responded to protests with force, which led to casualties and a wide range of alleged related human rights violations throughout the summer of 2016 and into 2018. The report concludes the excessive force, arbitrary detention, enforced disappearances, lack of access to justice and health. But does this acknowledgment serve any good? This actually is of no use as this can’t serve any good for Pakistan practically. This fight is transformedinto an eco-social scenario and that has to be fought likewise. India has attained the second regional power’s position by boosting its economy. Its economic groom lures International community to see India as strategic partner in South Asia. Recent intimacy between India and US is its proof. According to Diplomat magazine, by 2030, India is going to be the third largest economy in the world, with an estimated GDP of $10 trillion, behind the United States’ GDP ($33 trillion) and China’s GDP ($34 trillion).India will become the largest economy in the Commonwealth, overtaking Britain. Also, there are talks for joint U.S.-India naval patrols in the Indian Ocean as well as the disputed South China Sea. In January 2015, during President Barack Obama’s visit to India, both countries signed a strategic vision statement for the Asia-Pacific and the Indian Ocean in which freedom of Sea Lanes of Communications (SLOCs), including in the South China Sea was identified as of priority.

Moreover, Indians per capita income is more than Pakistanis. The World Bank report says that every Indian earns around USD 5,630, while a Pakistani earns around USD 5,090 (2016). With such strong position International community considers India as more powerful candidate for Kashmir than Pakistan. USA has always treated Pakistan as “To Let” to whom it, whenever desires, calls and take advantage. Moreover, it has always given Pakistan cold shoulder whether it was 1965, 1990 or 2001.The worst news is this that House of Representatives moved bill to congress for declaring Pakistan as “Terrorist State” Whether the bill passes or not but one thing is clear and that is America’s prejudice towards Pakistan. India is laminating its way to progress through the uplift of economy and Pakistan is suffering with the “tag” of terrorism. Unemployment rate in Pakistan is expected to be 5.8%, whereas, India’s rate of unemployment is 5%. New poverty lines make third of Pakistanis poor. How hard truth is this to swallow? In all these circumstances, Pakistan’s foreign policy is still reactive. It is reactive ever since the day Pakistan is created. One statement of India comes and Pakistan starts counter the arguments. Not long ago, Khursheed shah’s statement relieves those “Facebook’s soldiers”. He stated that India will suffer more. Really? With such poverty and unemployment and no cordial ties with international community, how can we make India more suffer? Proper diplomacy should prevail here. Provocative statements by India should tackle with wise diplomacy that may soothe the situation than raising the flames of war over South Asia.

These are the loopholes which make Pakistan’s stance weak on Kashmir. Diplomacy failure, poverty and economic burden form Pakistan’s image on international level as weak candidate for Kashmir and inclines them towards more on India. Paksitan’s claim on Kashmir is righteous but the capacity to sustain the territory is weak. On contrary, India’s claim on Kashmir is based on betrayals, false promises and lie but it has capacity to sustain Valley and thus money talks! 

India’s first Prime Minister, Nehru, pledged that Kashmir’s accession to India was temporary and a referendum would follow. The conditional and temporary accession has turned into a full blown occupation. 

A systematic occupation under the garb of democracy.There are 18 resolutions passed in UN that Kashmir is disputed territory and should be given a chance of plebiscite. This issue was taken by Nehru himself to the UN. But as the events has moved forward, every time India rejected the claim on the basis of calling Pakistan as a terrorism financing state. Pakistan’s need of the hour is to practically make itself as strong as India and then slam this tag towards India with equal power. It requires a prosper Pakistan with least poverty and bloom of economy. It will bring it automatically into a state where it can materialize the high dignified and execrated claims by Pakistanis while comparing itself to India. We need to keep this thing in mind that might is right and at this moment, practically and technically, India is in power. Sowhat we need is diplomacy based on wisdom which has the power to avoid possibility of war and presenting Pakistan as a peaceful state in front of international society.

Sidra Insar Chaudhary

Sidra Insar is a graduate from QAU, Islamabad and is currently working as an educationist in the Government of Pakistan. Her area of interest is Political Dynamics of States and International Relations.