A mountain of press reports and secret diplomatic telegrams show that Pakistan’s first Prime Minister was assassinated by Afghanistan and the United States as well as high-level persons inside Pakistani state institutions. See all those ORIGINAL documents in the link below.
The killer, Syed Akhbar, son of Babrak Khan, was an Afghan national and Pashtunistan nationalist who participated in a failed anti-state insurrection in his own country in 1944, after which he fled to South Waziristan to surrender to the British, who interned him in Abbottabad and gave him a regular salary and he also took part in the 1948 war in Kashmir against India, though he continued to enjoy the protection of British circles even after Pakistan’s creation. The Afghan government cited these when it denied involvement in Liaquat’s assassination (and accused the killer of being a member of a “Red Shirt” organization, meaning he was a communist saboteur, all the while blaming Pakistan too) but the fact is that he was in close contact with the Afghan consulate in Peshawar just before he murdered Liaquat. A day before Liaquat was assassinated the Afghan Consul General in Peshawar also went to Kabul.
He had made a sudden unscheduled trip to the Afghan border; when he reached there he paid his Pakistani driver his fee and sent him back to Peshawar, where the driver was immediately dismissed from service.
The Pakistani government had discovered that just recently the Afghan government had secretly released 120 known killers from its jails and sent them to infiltrate Pakistan and murder top officials in the Pakistani government, including PM Liaquat. A left wing Indian press outlet released detailed motivations the United States also had wanting him dead – he was determined to lead Pakistan on a truly independent path instead of turning it into an anti-communist US satellite. It accused the US of hiring Afghan Pashtunistan nationalists to kill him, promising them to create an independent Pashtunistan within a year, because Washington could not find a traitor inside Pakistan itself to do the job. This accusation angered and worried the entire American diplomatic establishment, who decided not to respond in order to avoid giving the article credibility.
During Liaquat’s final speech at Rawalpindi, security measures at all levels were extremely lax; after his assassination the governments of both Punjab and the N.W.F.P. tossed the blame on each other. Rawalpindi was already a center of “anti-Liaquat feeling” and there were already high chances he would be shot if he visited there. Furthermore, he was strongly pressing for the execution of all conspirators trying to subvert the Pakistani state; after his assassination all charges against those anti-state conspirators reached a stalemate and they were eventually released from prison.
The Government of Pakistan quickly moved to suppress all mention of the Afghan hand in the Pakistani press to prevent anti-Afghan agitation among the Pakistani public (even though Afghanistan had committed a clear act of war) and later released the report by the commission investigating the assassination that was deliberately thoroughly inconclusive.
The enquiry commission announced that information on the three conspiracies involved would not be revealed.
Government of Pakistan Inspector General of Police who was to be assigned to investigate the case was mysteriously killed in a plane crash but the important documents he was carrying survived; he was already working with the head of the opposition Junnah Awami League H. S. Suhrawardhy who compelled the Punjab Government to get to the bottom of the case. This revealed Government of Pakistan was investigating the case itself but insisted to the public that only the Punjab Government was working on it.
Rawalpindi Senior Superintendent of Police Khan Najaf Khan was framed and made a scapegoat for negligence in providing security to Liaquat. The Assassination Commission was accused of provincialism so a formal inquiry began on this case (it was already handling the case against Khan Najaf Khan) but that inquiry too was carefully orchestrated to whitewash all important facts. Meanwhile the services of the United Kingdom and United States were sought in the investigation, which elicited strong pro and con reactions from the Pakistani public.
“With considerable emotion, Begum Liaquat spoke about the assassination of her husband, the late Prime Minister. She said it was fantastic that two years after a murder in broad daylight before thousands of people, not one arrest had been made. What harm could come from a thorough investigation? Witnesses had not been questioned, no real attempt at investigation had been made, and yet when a demand for this was made, the Government not only refused but “hired” the editor of a paper who himself had been in jail under a previous Cabinet (Suleri of the Times of Karachi) to campaign against Dawn and the people demanding an investigation.” When she was later appointed as Pakistan’s ambassador to the Netherlands, she issued a 500-word statement asking six questions: 1) “Why” was Liaquat murdered at the height of his popularity, “on the eve of … important policy decisions”; 2) “Why” was the assassin shot after he had already been overpowered; 3) “Why” was the police official responsible (for shooting the assassin) promoted instead of punished; 4) “Why” were “certain interested and influential persons within the country … anxious to remove Liaquat”; 5) “Why” is the Quad-i-Azam’s name “being subtly and unjustly ignored”; 6) “Why” are these questions not answered?
52 documents (public and classified both) tell the TRUE story of Khan Liaquat Khan’s assassination which has had far reaching implications for Pakistan and the world even half a century later. Another 109 similar documents tell previously hidden secret stories of everything that happened in Pakistan afterward. You can see them all here:
Khan Liaquat Ali Khan, the right hand man of our founder and Great Leader, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, was a man of very strong personal character who would never have let anyone or anything overthrow democracy in Pakistan.
If he had lived the entire natural length of his life, he would have established a national unity social security state that would have truly outlasted him. Pakistan would have quickly evolved into a mature democracy free of corruption or political instability highly respected around the world and living in immense economic prosperity, no military dictator would ever have ruled this country, no subversive elements would ever have survived to harm this nation, East Pakistan would never have seceded, religious extremism and ethnic separatism would have been aborted even before their birth and Pakistan would never have become a pawn of any outside imperialist power.
The suppression of all facts related to his assassination set the precedent for permanently hiding the identities of the murderers of future leaders of Pakistan, including Zia-ul-Haq and Benazir Bhutto.
After Liaquat was taken away from us, this nation entered a half-decade long period of political instability during which governments were rising and falling regularly before a military coup took place and General Muhammad Ayub Khan took this country to unprecedented heights of economic prosperity but also turned it into the purest of American satellites, the legacy of which we are living with to this day.
Another noteworthy aspect is Afghanistan’s actions: it sent assassins across the border to murder Pakistani government officials and today it sends TTP terrorists to behead our soldiers and civilians and yet has the shameless audacity to complain about Pakistani intervention inside Afghanistan.
Also note Afghanistan’s reaction to Liaquat’s assassination; on the one hand it flatly denied its own role – but it was directly involved according to the facts and evidence – and on the other it pointed the finger at Pakistan itself and at the same time claimed the killer was a communist agent, which cannot both be true at the same time since Pakistan since its very birth was an anti-communist state. Even today Afghanistan flatly denies the TTP leader Mullah Fazlullah is in its territory and lies right to our faces by telling us he is in Pakistan, meaning Pakistanis only imagine themselves being attacked by terrorists from across the Afghan border before being captured and beheaded. This reveals clearly what kind of a devious liar and poisonous snake Pakistan has as a neighbor on its western border always drunk with war-hysteria against our nation; keep all the facts of Liaquat’s murder clearly in mind before ever wasting any sympathy on Afghanistan as a victim of Pakistani oppression. Make no mistake: Afghanistan is very serious about always being at war with us. It will never stop, it will never rest, until it captures more than half of Pakistani territory and the rest of Pakistan collapses and the country is wiped off the face of the earth. That country is hell-bent on being a threat to our very survival and existence on earth until the Day of Judgment; it is up to our nation what the appropriate response should be, but we must never live under delusions that the Afghans are our fellow Muslim brothers.
Today the best way we Pakistanis can honor Khan Liaquat Ali Khan’s memory is to work tirelessly to fulfill the cause he had devoted his life to and create the Pakistan he would have successfully created if his life were not so tragically cut short. Pakistan’s internal and external enemies managed to kill an individual, but can they kill the aspirations of an entire nation? It is up to all of us what the right answer to that question is. After all, despite all its faults and shortcomings, Pakistan has survived ALL attempts to subvert and destroy it.
This country that we attained after countless sacrifices has been the target of a range of enemies wanting to see it collapse and cease to exist but our nation showed shocking resilience in the face of all challenges.
Today Pakistan is going through the most critical period of its existence but this nation must again rise to the occasion and once again prove to the world that it is here to stay. That is the most important lesson to take away from the brutal tragedy that befell us and our nation on October 16, 1951.
-Opinion by Citizens Awareness Program